Hand Sewing Techniques

Thursday, 10 March 2011, 8:00 | Author : Kricket
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Despite the innovation of modern technology, knowing the various hand-sewing techniques is still a relevant skill for costumers. For example, you might use hand stitching to allow movement between fabrics or create the illusion of an “invisible” stitch.  I have posted pictures of different hand-sewing techniques and supplemented them with instructional text from The Costume Technician’s Handbook.

BASIC STITCHES

Running Stitch/Basting Stitch:

The running stitch is the most basic of all hand stitches.

Click on the image for step-by-step instructions.

 

Backstitch:

The backstitch is the strongest of all the hand stitches and was the stitch often used for seaming in the days before the invention of the sewing machine.

Click on the image for step-by-step instructions.

 

Prick Stitch:

Use the prick stitch when you want a relatively strong, unobtrusive stitching line.

Click on the image for step-by-step instructions.

 

Cross Stitch/Catch Stitch:

Use when you need to tack two fabric layers together and allow them to move apart as the body moves.

Click on the image for step-by-step instructions.

 

HEMMING STITCHES

Blind Stitch

The blind stitch is invisible on both sides of the fabric.

Click on the image for step-by-step instructions.

 

Hemming Stitch

The hemming stitch is quite strong and suitable for hems on medium or heavyweight fabrics.

Click on the image for step-by-step instructions.

 

Slip Stitch:

The slip stitch makes a sturdy, flat hem with hidden stitches

Click on the image for step-by-step instructions.

 

Whip Stitch

 

DECORATIVE EDGING

Blanket Stitch

 

How to Prevent Knots

Thread your needle directly from the spool of thread.  This will allow you to stitch in the same direction as the thread twist, preventing kinks while you stitch.  Keep your thread short and always use your thumb or forefinger to keep the appropriate tension on the thread when tying knots.

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